Periodontics involves the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of periodontal disease.
Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is an inflammation and infection of the gum tissues. It develops as food particles and bacteria become trapped around the base of the teeth and infect the surrounding gum tissues. The early stage of the infection is known as gingivitis, and progresses to periodontal disease as the infection worsens.
Periodontal disease, or periodontitis, is a more advanced form of gum disease. In this advanced state, gums begin to pull away from teeth and create small “pockets” along the gum line. Tooth loss, bone loss, and damage to gums and soft tissues can occur with periodontitis.
Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults. You can reduce your risk of gum disease by brushing twice and flossing once every day. Twice a year dental exams and cleanings can help get rid of hardened plaque and tartar, further reducing the risk of gum disease.
Gingivitis and periodontal disease include a variety of mild to moderate symptoms, such as:
- Red, swollen gums
- Sensitive teeth
- Gums bleeding from normal brushing or eating
- Chronic bad breath, also known as halitosis
- Difficulty or pain chewing
The most common treatment for gum disease is called deep cleaning, scaling, or root planing. Scaling and root planing involve removing plaque and tartar from below the gumline. Our hygienist can perform this gentle and effective removal of tartar, calculus, and infected tissue.
Common risk factors for gum disease include poor oral hygiene habits, diabetes, smoking, and hormonal changes. Some medications can also increase your likelihood of developing gum disease. Many recent studies have found that untreated gum disease negatively impacts other aspects of your overall health. This is especially common for patients with cardiovascular disease or diabetes.
Contact Dr. Jonathan Nutt at Integrity Dental for a consultation and screening today.